Curcumin as a nootropic created by: test2


Curcumin
(/ˈkərkjuːmən/, diferuloylmethane) is a bright yellow chemical produced by some plants. It is the principal curcuminoid of turmeric (Curcuma longa), a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). It is sold as an herbal supplement, cosmetics ingredient, food flavoring and food coloring.[1] As a food additive, its E number is E100.[2]


It was isolated in 1815 when Vogel and Pelletier reported the isolation of a "yellow coloring-matter" from the rhizomes of turmeric and named it curcumin.[3] Although curcumin has been used historically in Ayurvedic medicine,[4] its potential medicinal properties remain unproven and are an area of active investigation.[5]


Chemically, curcumin is a diarylheptanoid, belonging to the group of curcuminoids, which are natural phenols responsible for turmeric's yellow color. It is a tautomeric compound existing in enolic form in organic solvents and as a keto form in water.[6]

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